Vice Admiral Martin George Guise, 17801828 (aged 48 years)

Name
Vice Admiral Martin George /Guise/
Name prefix
Vice Admiral
Given names
Martin George
Surname
Guise
Note: George Martin Guise was born on 12 March 1780 in

George Martin Guise was born on 12 March 1780 in Gloucester and his parents were John Guise and Elizabeth Wright (Ref 1). Their family home was Highnam Court (see separate profile). George Martin Guise is recorded in 1794, aged just 14, as a member of the crew of the Royal Navy ship “Marlborough”. He served as an officer in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. He was a Lieutenant in the RN in 1807 when involved in boarding the US frigate Chesapeake near Cape Henry to recover deserters from the RN boat Halifax. He reached the rank of frigate captain in 1815. After the French defeat at Waterloo he travelled in Europe including visiting France. However, in 1817 he was contacted by agents of Chile’s newly independent government and agreed to assist in the struggle for South American independence from the Spanish. He bought a second-hand 18-gun corvette, the “Hecate”, and sailed it to South America. The “Hecate” was renamed the “Galvarino” and placed under the command of the Chilean government based in Santiago. Three brigs were added and the group put to sea on October 8th, 1818, capturing the fifty-gun Spanish frigate “Maria Isabel” which joined the new fleet as the “O’Higgins”. This squadron was then under the auspices of the Chilean government and commanded by Lord Cochrane. Martin Guise, in command of the frigate “Lautaro”, was involved in campaigns along the Peruvian coast, including the capture of the port of Pisco in 1819. He was promoted to Captain in 1820 and returned to Peru with the Liberation Expedition which landed at Pisco on 8 September 1820. In November of that year he captured the Spanish frigate “Esmeralda” in Callao, attacked Callao’s fortifications and burned two Spanish ships. Following a dispute, Martin Guise left Lord Cochrane in October 1821. On 1 September 1822 General San Martín promoted him to the rank of Admiral of Peru. When José de la Riva Agüero became President, Martin Guise was promoted by decree dated 6 March 1823 to Vice Admiral responsible for the organisation and command of the Peruvian Navy, which continued to play a major part in the battle for independence. Following the final defeat of the Spanish at the Surrender of Ayacucho on 9 December 1824, Martin Guise was court-martialled but honourably acquitted of all charges. Following liberation of Peru Martin Guise married a Peruvian, Juana Valle Riestra, and retired in ill health to live just outside Lima in Miraflores. When war broke out between Peru and Colombia in 1827, Gen San Martín reappointed Martin Guise in command of the new Peruvian Navy. The Peruvian fleet was captured at Guayaquil but on 24 November 1828 Martin Guise was killed by a sniper during the battle. Martin Guise was buried with honours in Callao (the port of Lima) but was reburied in 1926 in the Pantheón de los Próceres (the Peruvian heroes’ cemetery). He may be found in the Elmore family tree as a son of Sir John Guise and Elizabeth Wright. He is my fourth cousin five times removed – the common ancestors being William Guise (1593-1633) and his wife Cecilia née Dennis (1597-1682). The Peruvian British Cultural Association published a biography in Spanish in 2017. The Peruvian Navy is naming a new corvette the “Vicealmirante Jorge Martin Guise” (Dec 2020). References

  1. Boletín Apeberu No. 8, January 2008.
  2. Naval History of Great Britain by William James Vol IV page 329 et seq.
  3. “A History of Peru” by Sir Clements Markham, Chapters X and XI George Martin Guise 1780 – 1828 (Admiral)

2 4. “Eagles of the Andes” by Beals 5. Wikipedia’s brief description appears unreliable. 6. “Elmore and the Guise Family” by J. Maclean. Note compiled by Richard Guise 2010 and revised 2020

Birth March 12, 1780

Birth of a sisterJane Mary Guise
1781 (aged 0)
Baptism of a sisterJane Mary Guise
September 18, 1781 (aged 1 year)
Birth of a brotherChristopher William Guise
1783 (aged 2 years)
Death of a sisterMaria Guise
1787 (aged 6 years)

Death of a fatherSir John Guise
May 2, 1794 (aged 14 years)
Burial of a fatherSir John Guise
May 12, 1794 (aged 14 years)
Cemetery: Elmore, Gloucestershire, England
Death of a sisterElizabeth Guise
1796 (aged 15 years)

Death of a brotherChristopher William Guise
1803 (aged 22 years)
Marriage of a siblingEdward WebbJane Mary GuiseView this family
July 22, 1807 (aged 27 years)
Death of a sisterJane Mary Guise
August 1811 (aged 31 years)
Marriage of a siblingSir John Wright GuiseCharlotte Diana VernonView this family
August 12, 1815 (aged 35 years)
British King
George III
from October 25, 1760 to January 29, 1820 (aged 39 years)

Prime Minister of Great Britain
Frederick North
from January 28, 1770 to March 27, 1782 (aged 2 years)

Prime Minister of Great Britain
Charles Watson-Wentworth
from March 27, 1782 to July 4, 1782 (aged 2 years)

Prime Minister of Great Britain
William Petty
from July 4, 1782 to April 2, 1783 (aged 3 years)

Prime Minister of Great Britain
William Cavendish-Bentinck
from April 2, 1783 to December 19, 1783 (aged 3 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Pitt the Younger
from December 19, 1783 to March 17, 1801 (aged 21 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Henry Addington
from March 17, 1801 to May 10, 1804 (aged 24 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Pitt the Younger
from May 10, 1804 to February 11, 1806 (aged 25 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Grenville
from February 11, 1806 to March 31, 1807 (aged 27 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Cavendish-Bentinck
from March 31, 1807 to October 4, 1809 (aged 29 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Spencer Perceval
from October 4, 1809 to June 8, 1812 (aged 32 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Robert Jenkinson
from June 8, 1812 to April 12, 1827 (aged 47 years)

Battle of Waterloo
The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon Bonaparte, ending the Napoleonic wars.
June 18, 1815 (aged 35 years)
Peterloo Massacre
Cavalry was used to disperse a large crowd who were demanding electoral reform. 15 were killed and hundreds injured.
August 16, 1819 (aged 39 years)
MarriageDoona Juanna Maria del Valle RienteraView this family
1827 (aged 46 years)
Occupation
Vice Admiral of Peru
1828 (aged 47 years)
Birth of a daughterIsabel Maria Monica Guise
1828 (aged 47 years)
British King
George IV
from January 29, 1820 to June 26, 1830 (aged 50 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
George Canning
from April 12, 1827 to August 31, 1827 (aged 47 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Frederick John Robinson
from August 31, 1827 to January 22, 1828 (aged 47 years)

Birth of a daughterMaria Mercedes Carlotta Guise
1828 (aged 47 years)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington
from January 22, 1828 to November 22, 1830 (aged 50 years)

Death of a motherElizabeth Wright

Death December 1828 (aged 48 years)
Cause of death: Killed in Action
Will December 23, 1842 (14 years after death)
Family with parents
father
mother
Marriage
Marriage:
elder sister
3 years
elder sister
19 months
elder brother
17751834
Birth: 1775Highnam, Gloucestershire, England
Baptism: July 14, 1775
Death: July 23, 1834Rendcombe, Gloucestershire, England
3 years
elder brother
17771863
Birth: 1777Rendcombe, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1863Rendcombe, Gloucestershire, England
2 years
elder brother
17781835
Birth: December 18, 1778
Baptism: February 12, 1779Highnam, Gloucestershire, England
Death: June 7, 1835Elmore, Gloucestershire, England
15 months
himself
17801828
Birth: March 12, 1780
Death: December 1828Lima, Peru
22 months
younger sister
17811811
Birth: 1781Churcham, Gloucestershire, England
Baptism: September 18, 1781Churcham, Gloucestershire, England
Death: August 1811Elmore, Gloucestershire, England
3 years
younger brother
17831803
Birth: 1783Churcham, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1803Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
sister
Family with Doona Juanna Maria del Valle Rientera
himself
17801828
Birth: March 12, 1780
Death: December 1828Lima, Peru
wife
Marriage
Marriage: 1827Lima, Peru
2 years
daughter
12 months
daughter
1828
Birth: 1828 47Lima, Peru
Death:
Name

George Martin Guise was born on 12 March 1780 in Gloucester and his parents were John Guise and Elizabeth Wright (Ref 1). Their family home was Highnam Court (see separate profile). George Martin Guise is recorded in 1794, aged just 14, as a member of the crew of the Royal Navy ship “Marlborough”. He served as an officer in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. He was a Lieutenant in the RN in 1807 when involved in boarding the US frigate Chesapeake near Cape Henry to recover deserters from the RN boat Halifax. He reached the rank of frigate captain in 1815. After the French defeat at Waterloo he travelled in Europe including visiting France. However, in 1817 he was contacted by agents of Chile’s newly independent government and agreed to assist in the struggle for South American independence from the Spanish. He bought a second-hand 18-gun corvette, the “Hecate”, and sailed it to South America. The “Hecate” was renamed the “Galvarino” and placed under the command of the Chilean government based in Santiago. Three brigs were added and the group put to sea on October 8th, 1818, capturing the fifty-gun Spanish frigate “Maria Isabel” which joined the new fleet as the “O’Higgins”. This squadron was then under the auspices of the Chilean government and commanded by Lord Cochrane. Martin Guise, in command of the frigate “Lautaro”, was involved in campaigns along the Peruvian coast, including the capture of the port of Pisco in 1819. He was promoted to Captain in 1820 and returned to Peru with the Liberation Expedition which landed at Pisco on 8 September 1820. In November of that year he captured the Spanish frigate “Esmeralda” in Callao, attacked Callao’s fortifications and burned two Spanish ships. Following a dispute, Martin Guise left Lord Cochrane in October 1821. On 1 September 1822 General San Martín promoted him to the rank of Admiral of Peru. When José de la Riva Agüero became President, Martin Guise was promoted by decree dated 6 March 1823 to Vice Admiral responsible for the organisation and command of the Peruvian Navy, which continued to play a major part in the battle for independence. Following the final defeat of the Spanish at the Surrender of Ayacucho on 9 December 1824, Martin Guise was court-martialled but honourably acquitted of all charges. Following liberation of Peru Martin Guise married a Peruvian, Juana Valle Riestra, and retired in ill health to live just outside Lima in Miraflores. When war broke out between Peru and Colombia in 1827, Gen San Martín reappointed Martin Guise in command of the new Peruvian Navy. The Peruvian fleet was captured at Guayaquil but on 24 November 1828 Martin Guise was killed by a sniper during the battle. Martin Guise was buried with honours in Callao (the port of Lima) but was reburied in 1926 in the Pantheón de los Próceres (the Peruvian heroes’ cemetery). He may be found in the Elmore family tree as a son of Sir John Guise and Elizabeth Wright. He is my fourth cousin five times removed – the common ancestors being William Guise (1593-1633) and his wife Cecilia née Dennis (1597-1682). The Peruvian British Cultural Association published a biography in Spanish in 2017. The Peruvian Navy is naming a new corvette the “Vicealmirante Jorge Martin Guise” (Dec 2020). References

  1. Boletín Apeberu No. 8, January 2008.
  2. Naval History of Great Britain by William James Vol IV page 329 et seq.
  3. “A History of Peru” by Sir Clements Markham, Chapters X and XI George Martin Guise 1780 – 1828 (Admiral)

2 4. “Eagles of the Andes” by Beals 5. Wikipedia’s brief description appears unreliable. 6. “Elmore and the Guise Family” by J. Maclean. Note compiled by Richard Guise 2010 and revised 2020